WASHINGTON -- Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Sunday that the military should "continually" review its prohibition on transgender people serving in the armed forces, calling into question whether the Pentagon's ban may eventually be lifted, as was the ban on gay men and lesbians in the military.
While such a reversal appears to be far in the future - the Pentagon's stock talking points on the issue have been that it is under continuous review - Hagel, appearing on ABC's "This Week" on Sunday, pronounced himself "open" to a review of the policy and added, "Every qualified American who wants to serve our country should have an opportunity if they fit the qualifications and can do it."
But he allowed that the transgender issue was "a bit more complicated because it has a medical component to it."
In the U.S. military, transgender service members can be summarily dismissed, as Defense Department guidelines describe transgender people as sexual deviants and
their condition as "paraphilia," with its connotations of the atypical and extreme.
A panel affiliated with San Francisco State University estimated in March that more than 15,000 transgender individuals were serving in the military and the National Guard and Reserve. Officials who worked on that study say that transgender people are overrepresented in the military, compared with the rest of America, because many male-to-female transgender individuals enlist to try to submerge their feminine sides, while many female-to-male transgender people enlist because they want to be in a hypermasculine environment.
Last month, a soldier who was convicted as Pfc. Bradley Manning for leaking classified documents to WikiLeaks, won an initial victory toward living as a woman when a Kansas judge granted a petition for her to change her name to Chelsea Elizabeth Manning. The decision cleared the way for official changes to Manning's military records, but it did not compel the military to treat her as a woman, including not moving her to a prison with a woman's unit or allowing her to receive the desired counseling and hormone treatment.
It remains unclear whether the military will seriously review its ban on transgender people, and President Barack Obama has not addressed the issue specifically. In 2011, speaking to a gay rights group, Obama said that "every single American - gay, straight, lesbian, bisexual, transgender - every single American deserves to be treated equally before the law."