General Motors Co. will recall 1.5 million vehicles and take a $300 million charge against its earnings to pay for repairs as part of an initiative to be more responsive to problems with its cars.
The recalls include nearly 1.2 million 2008-13 Buick Enclave and GMC Acadia sport-utility vehicles, 2009-13 Chevrolet Traverse SUVs, and 2008-10 Saturn Outlook SUVs for an air bag problem.
Additionally the automaker recalled 303,000 Chevrolet Express and GMC Savana vans from the 2009-14 model years and 63,900 Cadillac XTS sedans from the 2013 and 2014 model years.
The recalls come as GM faces numerous probes and intense criticism for not moving fast enough to fix an ignition switch problem in Chevrolet Cobalts and other small sedans that the car compa
ny says has been linked to 12 deaths.
GM recalled the vehicles only last month even though documents demonstrate that the automaker knew about the problem for more than a decade.
"Today's announcement underscores the focus we're putting on the safety and peace of mind of our customers. We are conducting an intense review of our internal processes and will have more developments to announce as we move forward," said Mary Barra, GM's chief executive.
"I asked our team to redouble our efforts on our pending product reviews, bring them forward and resolve them quickly," Barra said.
Barra is pursuing a smart strategy in getting the automaker to quickly review safety issues, said Kaitlin Wowak, a University of Notre Dame management professor who researches supply chain risks and disruption.
"Maybe GM learned its lesson and realized they have to take action when consumers are potentially at risk," Wowak said. "The air bag recall gives GM an opportunity to show consumers they are willing to take action before consumers are harmed. It is also a chance for Mary Barra to show the world what she is made of."
GM is calling back the SUVs to repair wiring under the driver's seat that can crimp and cause a "service air bag" warning light to trigger on the dash.
Ignoring the warning light will eventually disable the side impact restraints, which include driver and passenger seat-mounted side air bags, the front center air bag and seat belt pretensioners, GM said. Dealers will remove the driver and passenger side air bag wiring harness connectors and splice and solder the wires together.
The vans need to be fixed because they don't comply with a federal safety requirement designed to protect passengers who are not wearing seat belts and who might hit their heads on the instrument panel in a crash. The material on the instrument panel is too hard. GM will replace it with material that softens the blow for passengers who have not fastened their seat belts.
In the XTS, GM said it will fix a corrosion problem in the brake booster electronics that could cause an engine compartment fire. GM is aware of two engine compartment fires in unsold vehicles at dealerships and two cases of melted components.
GM said it knows of no injuries or accidents caused by the issues behind this latest set of recalls.